Situated in the north eastermost corner of Argentina is the province of Misiones and spilling across the border to Brazil is the spectatucular Iguazu Falls. There is no denying that this is one of the world's most spectacular waterfalls. To put it into some kind of perspective, Iguazu Fallas is four times as wide as Canada's Niagara Falls. Making it so special, is the fact that it is not just one waterfall but a collection og 275 individual cascades that line a 1.7 mile (2.7 kilometer) wide horseshoe-shaped gorge.
Iguazu Falls is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and in 2011 it became part of the New Seven Wonfers of Nature. It is part of the protected rainforest ecosystem and split into two national parks: Parque Nacional Iguazu (Argentina) and Parque Nacional do Brazil (Brazil). The falls and park are also home to over 2,000 plan species, around 450 birds and abundant wildlife. In fact, the region provides a natural habitat for half of Argentina's birds, including parrots and toucans. Some say that with exteme luck, it is possible to see jaguars and pumas. Nevertheless, sightings of crocodiles, otters, raccoons and monkeys are common.
Iguazú Falls and its surrounding region has a subtropical climate, which produces high year-round temperatures. Arguably the best time to visit is in spring or fall. The months of September to November are a particularly good time as they offer comfortable temperatures, especially if you plan to walk a lot. From mid-December to February temperatures are extremely hot and humid. This is also when Argentines and Brazilians take their holidays so the region gets overcrowded and accommodation prices increase. Whether arriving from Argentina or Brazil, getting to Iguazú Falls is easy. Both Puerto Iguazú in Argentina and Foz do Iguaçu in Brazil are tourist friendly and set up to accommodate the thousands of annual visitors. Due to its position on the Argentine-Brazilian border, the falls are often either the first or last point of call for travelers in Argentina. This makes for a lasting impression regardless of whether you are starting or finishing your discovery of the country
Argentine Side -
Upon entering the park you will find the Visitor Center. Pick up maps of walking trails ( there are two: lower and upper trail) and take time to read the displays that tell about the history, climate and geology of the waterfalls. The best way to discover the falls and park is on foot and a guide is not necessary. However, English-speaking guides are available at the Visitor Center for both individual and group tours.
Jump on the Jungle Train to the Falls Station, which marks the beginning of two walking trails: Lower Circuit and Upper Circuit. The park entrance fee includes unlimited rides on the train. Don’t miss the chance to ride in a speed boat directly beneath one of the falls. Trips have an additional fee.
After exploring the circuits, continue walking or catch the train to the Devil’s Throat Station. From here it is a 1,200 meter walk to the biggest attraction on Iguazú Falls, La Garganta del Diablo (or Devil’s Throat). A lookout area grants the opportunity to watch the water rush from the river and down an 80 meter (262 feet) high sheer drop. En route to the fall, keep an eye out for bird and crocodiles.
Be sure to visit!
Written by LARM Argentina