Chile is known for its copper exportation, but also for its diverse and quality wine. This is why we’d like to invite you to take a tour with us and get to know the varieties this great country has to offer.
Some of the best types of wine produced in this thin and beautiful country include:
Sauvignon Blanc: This type of grape needs clay terrain and with sunny slopes. For this reason, they mainly grown to the north and the east of Santiago. This white wine is one of the most popular selections around the world.
Chardonnay: The best way to cultivate this wine is by using calcareous soil, which is a kind of terrain with high amount of calcium. It also prospers in places with a warm, not too hot, climate. These factors make The Casablanca Valley, situated 75 km outside of Santiago, the ideal location to produce this delicious white wine.
Cabernet Sauvignon: A red wine known for excellence. It needs warm weather and very ripe grapes. The main wines of this variety are fruity and have immense tannin concentrations, the natural chemical substance responsible for its deep color. It originates from France and has been cultivated in Chile for the last 150 years. This Chilean wine has a pleasant eucalyptus fragrance.
Merlot: Due to its French origins and softer flavors, this variety is considered the younger brother of the Cabernet. This is Chile’s second most important variety.
Syrah: This high quality strain has a very elaborate cultivation process because the grapes can’t handle too little or too much sun, but fortunately Chile has just the right conditions to allow this variety to prosper. Once considered a low quality red wine it has now gained the recognition it deserves amongst wine connoisseurs, making it one of the best varieties in the world.
Pinot Noir: One of the least-produced kinds of red wine in Chile because its grapes are very sensitive to temperature change, pruning, and soil types. The vineyards that produce it can be found in the Central Valley of Chile.
Carmenere: Considered to be Chile’s signature wine. Originally from Burdeos, France, it was once considered extinct throughout Europe in the 19th century. The seed was brought to Chile due to similar soil and weather conditions with that of France. Having a similarity with Merlot, the two varieties were often mistaken for one another for more than 150 years. This confusion unknowingly preserved what was once thought lost and in 1994 Carmenere was discovered yet again. Its name comes from the French word “carmín”, meaning crimson, alluding to the wine’s rich color. This wine is mainly produced in vineyards located south of Santiago.
The Tren Sabores del Valle Wine Tours is a great way to learn more and even taste these wines. On this tour you’ll get an opportunity to travel around to different vineyards in the Colchagua Valley by train accompanied with music and of course wine-tasting. The prices for this tour start at $120 USD.
Written by Marisa Zarak & Alejandra Garza