The Sacred City of Caral is located 182Km north from Lima on a dry desert terrace overlooking the green valley of the Super river. It covers an area of around 65 hectares and was added to the UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2009.
It dates back to the late Archaic Period of the Andes and is the oldest centre of civilization in the Americas. It was founded more than 5,000 years ago and discovered in 1905, It was built much earlier than the Incas and civilizations like the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Indian, and Chinese (3000 and 2000 B.C.).
Caral is one of the 18 settlements identified in the valley and was the first American expression of a Pre-Ceramic urban settlement with monumental architecture, covering an area around 65 hectares. The city features a series of exceptionally well-preserved complexes such as the Great Pyramid, the Amphitheater Pyramid and the Residential Quarters of the Elite for ceremonial functions which show a clear evidence of religious ideology.
The buildings of this civilization are made by the results of the astronomic observation and in honor of their Gods The Sun, The Moon, and the Stars what it represents as divine beings.
Written by Patricia M Rodriguez